Where our wines come from
Where our wines come from
DNV Wines has the same name of a company in northern Macedonia, based in Kavadarcima, which cooperates with several famous vineyards in the gourd and the electrical vineyards, which precede wine on the request of DNV Wines. Annual production is around 1 million bottles, most of them are red wines of exceptional quality.
Primarily because of the close spatial (as one of the republics of the former Yugoslavia), friendly, cultural, linguistic and religious, multi-century closeness of the two peoples.
The old wine land
The Macedonian wine story comes from the 13th century. Century before the new era. The ancient Macedonians, like most people in the Balkans, Serbs, Bulgarians, Romanians, Greeks, made grape wine that they cultived and mixed it with honey because the sugar helped to preserve it. Wine was kept in the amfores where olive oil was added to stop the breathing. Then they buried the amphora in the ground, and so it remained cold and mature accordingly.
The Romans were responsible for the expansion of vines throughout Europe during the Roman Empire. They believed that wine was a source of fortune for happiness. During this period, Macedonia was one of the most famous grape growing regions in the Empire.
In the Byzantine period (until the 7th century) the cultivation of the vine continued.
With the spread of Christianity, the presence of wine increased. Wine was part of many Orthodox church rituals because it was believed to represent the blood of Jesus.
During the Turkish Empire (from the fourteenth to the nineteenth century), viticulture and winemaking in Macedonia stopped because wine was banned in accordance with Islamic law. Thanks to the Serbian Orthodox Church, wine production continued.
In the early 20th century, grapevine was represented in Macedonia on 30,000 hectares, which was completely destroyed by Phylloxera vastatrix by 1914, a small insect that attacks the root and leaf of the vine.
After the Second World War, with the onset of socialism, in the former Yugoslavia, barrels and equipment for the production of wine owned by different families, small winemakers in all the Republics, were nationalized. In the Republic of Macedonia, 13 wineries were established that produced mainly raw wine. On the other hand, there were more than 30,000 families who owned small vineyards. They sold grapes at 13 large wineries.
Viticulture restoration and the growth of vineyards reached their peak in 1981 when 38 759 hectares were registered.
Young wine country
After the separation of the Republic of Macedonia from Yugoslavia in 1990, the process of privatization of old wineries begins. But in addition to changing ownership, many things have remained the same. All wineries continued to produce wine in large quantities, with low quality and low prices. But the potential was far greater.
The quality of the wine depends on the quality of the grapes, the quality of the equipment and the skill of the winemaker. Although the equipment can be bought and mastered, the quality of the grapes still depends on the climate and the terrain. These conditions were fulfilled in Macedonia and therefore high quality grapes were produced.
Macedonia has a transitional climate from Mediterranean to Continental. The summers are warm and dry and the winters moderately cold. Average annual rainfall ranges from 1,700 mm in the western mountainous regions to 500 mm in the eastern parts. There are three climatic zones in the country: moderately Mediterranean, mountainous and slightly continental. The Tikves area, located along the valleys of the Vardar and Strumica rivers, where most of the grapes are grown, is the most dense area in the Balkan Peninsula. The hottest regions are Demir Kapija and Gevgelija where temperatures in July and August often exceed 40 degrees Celsius. The mild wind in this region helps prevent cryptographic infections.
Macedonia has almost 260 sunny days a year. This helps in the long process of ripening, the concentration of sugars and acids in the grapes, providing rich color and complex aromas in the wine. The intense aroma of Macedonian wines is the result of the combined influence of the Mediterranean and continental climates, warm days and cold nights, as well as the carbonate and mineral rich terrains.
Today in Macedonia, grapevines are grown on about 24,000 hectares, of which 70% of the vineyards are planted with wine grapes and 30% with table grapes. The two most important varieties grown in Macedonia are Vranac (red) and Smederevka (white). Besides these two, the most famous varieties are Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and Chardonnay.
Vranac is the most famous and the highest quality grape variety, represented in Herzegovina, Montenegro, Serbia and Macedonia. In Macedonia, Vranac represents 80% of all red grape varieties grown in the country from which the Vranac wine is produced, or as the Macedonians call it Vranec.
Povardarie – Vardar Valley
The central wine region accounts for 83% of the total production and includes 7 vineyards: Skopje, Veles, Gevgelija-Valandovo, Strumica, Radoviš, Ovce Polje-Vinica, Kočani-Vinica, Tikves.
Where our wines come from
The red wines come from the Strumica Vineyard from the Strumičko polje winery, with a total of 650 hectares of vineyards, of which Merlot is 38 hectares, Cabernet Sauvignon – 32 hectares, Shiraz – 35 hectares and Vranac – 180 hectares. The rest is under white grapes, with most of them being Smederevka, Riesling, Hamburger muscat, muscat waning, incense and other muscat grape varieties.
Grape growing and wine processing and production are performed with the latest equipment. The winery’s capacity is millions of liters of wine a year.
The Strumicko Polje winery, located on the outskirts of the city of Strumica, was founded 60 years ago in the time of ancient Yugoslavia to produce raw wine and distillates that served as the basis for making famous mastic strumica. Today, the Strumica Field produces 200,000 liters of distillate, and all producers of mastic are supplied from this winery. The winery’s capacity is 12 million liters.
White wines and rose come from the Queen Mary Winery
Serbian royal family Karadjordjevic, King Peter I, liberator and his son Crown Prince and then King of Serbia, after the First World War became the unifier of the South Slavic peoples in Yugoslavia and its first king. www.wikipedia.org/Alexander_I_of_Yugoslavia
The royal family owned their own vineyards and winery in Serbia in Topola on Mount Oplenac, where they came from, and at that time was one of the most modern wineries in Europe, built on the instructions of famous French enologists.
In 1928, King Alexander Karadjordjevic decided to plant a vineyard and build a winery in Demir Kapija (Turkish Iron Gate) at the request of his wife, Queen Mary, after which the winery was named Villa Maria. The property was purchased with money she received as dowry from her parents, the Romanian king and queen. At that time, there were other noble families producing grapes and wine.
On the recommendation of top French enologists who advised him to build a winery in the Tikves region, the king decided to build in Demir Kapia. The king became the owner of this property on March 8, 1931 after the devastating earthquake that struck Valand. Queen Mary came to this estate in 1934 after the murder of her husband in Marseille.
The 2,700-acre property King Alexander wanted to buy was owned by Usni and Memet Begs who were interested in selling the property. When he heard of this, the king appealed to his men to offer them an offer they would not refuse. They were offered a price of 2000 lire in gold, and at the same time the Apostole from Banja offered 300 lire more. Beg replied to the Apostole that he would not sell him for 3,000 lire because the king guaranteed him safe access to money in Turkey. After the Begs received the gold coins, they went to the Bosphorus in Turkey and no longer returned, and immediately after the sale the king ordered the construction of the complex.
By the start of World War II, the property had 200 workers and 25 employees. They produced high quality wine for the royal court in Belgrade. The cellar had a capacity of 150,000 liters of wine, which used 4 glass basins for fermenting wine brought from Austria.
The winery has a capacity of seven million liters, of which 6.13 million are stored in stainless steel containers and the rest is stored in oak barrels. Today, the winery is privately owned, renovated and adapted to produce high quality wines. It has a vineyard and is fully equipped for grape processing and wine production, especially wine tourism.